The Phlegrean Fields is an area, well connected to the metropolis of Naples, full of history, art and nature. An intact series of extinct volcanoes, in a varied and animated landscape, that crowns a blue sea. It is a fascinating area, owing to its various and pleasant landscape and to the numerous now extinct craters, with whose dormant volcanic activity, however, the phenomenon of bradyseism and the hot spring are connected. The origin of the name Phlegraean (burning) Fields is Greek and is justyfied by the volcanic activity so evident to the first Aegean sailors.
Pozzuoli is one of the most fascinating archaeological areas. Main port of the region in Roman times, the city revealed a surprising underground with the excavations in the Rione Terra.
Founded in 520 B.C. by Greek colonists who give it the name “Dicearchia”, or “Just Government”, it was named Puteoli by the romans (for the malodorous sulphur vapors that its wells emitted), and became one of the main ports of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The temple of Serapis is proof of the lively commerce conducted in Puteoli.
In 1750 a statue of the Egyptian god Serapis was found and therefore the edifice was mistakenly held to be a temple. It was the “macellum”, market of fish and meat, annexed to the port area ( I- II c. AD). The three columns of grey cipolin bear evident traces of the boles made by lithodomi (marine mollusks) and show the effects of bradyseism. The Macellum is enclosed in a rectangular area with a porticoes court and a row of “tabernae” (shops) down each side.
In the middle of the court rises a “tholos”, a kind of circular temple whose entablature was supported by sixteen columns.
The Flavian Amphitheatre is the third biggest of the Roman world, after those of Rome and Capua.
Capable of holding up to 40.000 spectators, it’s three levels were furnished with four main entrances and twelve secondary entrances.
As well as being an entertainment provision, the Amphitheatre was also a center of urban life.
Under the external arches of the structure there existed a range of localities dedicated to cults, professional and other groups, all indicated by inscriptions on the stone.
It is particularly rewarding to visit the subterranean complex which gives a good idea of the sort of services and general organization that must have been required for the functioning of the Amphitheatre.
It was also in this arena that some of the first Christian martyrs died such as the Patron of Naples St. Gennaro.
In Roman times, the coasts and lands of Baia were celebrated worldwide and, in the last century of the Republic, Baia itself was considered to be a vacation resort. Thus, having a villa in this area became a real sign of prestige. The city was well equipped with all the comforts: temples, shops, the thermal baths, the ruins of which can still be admired inside the Archeological Park. From the port of Baia it is possible to enjoy coastal excursions and visits to the submerged city on glass-bottom boats; it is the only way to see the ancient Via Herculanea, as well as some mosaics on the floor dating back to the Roman Age.
The splendid Aragonese castle(built in the 1400’s and restructured by the Spanish Viceroys) hosts the Phlegrean Fileds Archaeological Museum, home to the relicts from Baia, Miseo and Pozzuoli. The view from the terraces of the fortess is unforgettable.
The acropolis is all that is left of the first city of the colonies of Greater Greece, founded in VIII century B.C. by colonists in exile from the Eubean Island, their motherland. It sits in a magnificent strategic position facing the sea and is today in a suggestive archeological park.
It is precisely on these Eubean shores that Virgil places the main character of his Aeneid.
This is the place where Aeneas questioned the priestess oracle of Apollo, the Sybil, about his future. The Sybil’s cave is a long tunnel that ends in a three roomed niche, believed to be the seat of the Sybil of Cuma, a priestess sacred to the god Apollo giving from her cavern ambiguous interpretations of the future. Her responses were written on pages that she would then scatter to the wind.
Yet Cumae is not just the first city in this area, by any means; it was also one of the richest and most educated, so much so that its inhabitants, the Cumeans, very soon took on the role of founders of new colonies such as Parthenope and Neapolis.
The Solfatara, the mythical entrance to the Ancient Romans’ Hell, is an inactive volcano, part of the volcanic region known as Phlegrean Fields. It is famous for its steaming jets of sulphurous vapor. Sulphur was extracted here in the past, and until 1800 it was a spa renowned for its mineral waters, natural saunas and mud. The Solfatara is the epicenter of the cyclic phenomenon of the rising and lowering of ground level in the Phlegrean Fields known as bradyseism.
Tour Price: 60/hour
Tour type: Archaeological and historical tour; Private tour; Walking tour.
Running days: Every day
Maximum travelers: 14 (a small group guarantee a service of better quality) Tours for larger groups can be arranged on demand.
What’s not included: Entrance ticket (4 €); Transportation (It can be arranged with Mercedes Limousine, Mini Van or Bus; Hotel pick-up or drop-off)
Kid Friendly: Yes
Disable friendly: Yes
I can arrange an itinerary for people with reduced mobility.
tel: +39 3284134719